What is an abortion?
An abortion is a medical way to terminate a pregnancy. Depending on the gestation age and state regulations the type of abortion performed may include using medication, vacuum aspiration, or dilation and evacuation. An abortion using medication is non-surgical while vacuum aspiration as well as dilation and evacuation are both surgical methods of termination.
A Medical Abortion or the abortion pill (RU 486) is a three-part process. There are two types of prescribed medications given early in pregnancy. The first pill is called Mifepristone. Mifepristone is taken by mouth blocking progesterone which is nature’s way of growth to the fetus and causes the placenta to separate from the uterus wall. The second part of a medical abortion is taking Misoprostol. Misoprostol causes the uterus to begin contractions so that the body will expel the contents like a miscarriage. The third part of this process is to return for an examination to ensure that all the contents of the pregnancy have been expelled.
Vacuum Aspiration or suction abortion is a medical procedure used during the first trimester to terminate pregnancy. A vacuum type instrument is inserted into the uterus to suction out the contents of the pregnancy. After a curette is used to scrape the uterus wall to ensure all contents are removed from the uterus.
Dilation and Evacuation
Dilation and Evacuation is a medical procedure used in the second trimester. This procedure requires dilation of the cervix using medication and or tools to open up the cervix area. A vacuum tool will be used to evacuate the fetus and placenta like the vacuum aspiration process. The uterus wall will be scraped after the evacuation to ensure all contents of the pregnancy are removed from the uterus.
Before you make any decisions, we are here to talk with you about your options. You do not need to face this alone. Contact us at 828-247-4673 or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. All conversations are confidential. Visit https://wrtk.ncdhhs.gov/ to learn more about the Women’s Right to know.
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CardioSmart, American College of Cardiology, Mifepristone and Misoprostol for abortion, Healthwise Staff (August 31, 2012), https://www.cardiosmart.org/healthwise/tw12/91/tw1291
NCDHHS, A Woman’s Right to Know, (9/15) https://wrtk.ncdhhs.gov/library/doc/AWomansRightToKnow-Web.pdf
Medical News Today, Are abortions painful?, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/325598.php
WebMD, What Are the Types of Abortion Procedures?, https://www.webmd.com/women/abortion-procedures#2